→ avoid overusing common words, such as be, have, get, do and thing

>TV programs can be a good source of communication among people.

-TV programs would constitute a good source for generating communication among people.

-Testing patients without their consent would constitute a legal offence.

-The defeat constitutes a major setback for our diplomacy.

– Women constitute 40% of the workforce.



—>Making such a mass of food could be a problem of hygiene for cooks, especially the process dealing with rubbish.

– Preparing such a large quantity of food and disposing waste may pose some hygiene problems for the restaurant management.

—pose a challenge | problem | threat | risk | danger | obstacle to


—>Thanks to advertisements, customers can have information about new products as quickly as possible.

– … can acquire information…

>—In countryside, people cannot get good food such as milk and meat easily.

– People living in rural areas may not have ready access to nutritious foods, such as…


—>Parents might think their children are truly geniuses, but often this is not true. This thing may put a child in a difficult situation when

– This illusion | delusion | misconception | false belief | mistaken view

– matter | issue | idea | concept

– activity | event | instance | case | incident | accident | phenomenon |manifestation

– Different animals had different manifestations of the disease.


>Foreign travelers may have to pay a little higher than locals for the same stuff.

– for the same merchandise or service

—>Scientists contribute to the society much more than artists do.

– … contribute to the society substantially | considerably more than artists do.

—>Difference between generations is an issue that we can see everyday.

everyday as an adjective vs. every day as an adverb

– We can observe differences between generations on a daily basis.


—>Children here want to go to school.

– Local children…


—>However, in my opinion, all subjects, more or less , are related to each other.

– all subjects are related to each other to some extent | to a certain degree| to greater or lesser degree

– all subjects are somewhat related to each other [FORMAL]

>There are no places in prison for more and more people are using drugs.

– Prisons are running out of space, making them unable to accommodate the ever-increasing number of drug users.

—He was finding it increasingly difficult to make decisions. | To an increasing degree, people from different corners of the world come into contact with each other.


—>An employee is motivated to try his best no matter what position he held, no matter how old he became.

– regardless of his rank and age


—>To say about this, there are many different ideas…

– regarding | as regards | with regard to | in regard to this issue…


>—I am writing in | with reference to your announcement about…

– as far as this issue is concerned…

– with respect to | concerning [MORE FORMAL]

– We had a meeting with the principal today concerning the new policy.

– when it comes to this matter… [LESS FORMAL]

  1. in terms of

—regarding the differences between international and domestic companies in terms of revenue.

—>Although there are some problems like pollution and bad influences in city

– such as | including

—and so on | and so forth.

– , etc. (et cetera)

– Last but not least  → avoid using this in formal writing. Use finally [MORE FORMAL].

—>Many people prefer working with a machine. Because | That is because…

– A reason for this is that…

– A possible explanation for this is that…

– This is understandable | justifiable since…