→ avoid overusing common words, such as be, have, get, do and thing
>TV programs can be a good source of communication among people.
-TV programs would constitute a good source for generating communication among people.
-Testing patients without their consent would constitute a legal offence.
-The defeat constitutes a major setback for our diplomacy.
– Women constitute 40% of the workforce.
>Making such a mass of food could be a problem of hygiene for cooks, especially the process dealing with rubbish.
– Preparing such a large quantity of food and disposing waste may pose some hygiene problems for the restaurant management.
pose a challenge | problem | threat | risk | danger | obstacle to
>Thanks to advertisements, customers can have information about new products as quickly as possible.
– … can acquire information…
>In countryside, people cannot get good food such as milk and meat easily.
– People living in rural areas may not have ready access to nutritious foods, such as…
>Parents might think their children are truly geniuses, but often this is not true. This thing may put a child in a difficult situation when…
– This illusion | delusion | misconception | false belief | mistaken view
– matter | issue | idea | concept
– activity | event | instance | case | incident | accident | phenomenon |manifestation
– Different animals had different manifestations of the disease.
>Foreign travelers may have to pay a little higher than locals for the same stuff.
– for the same merchandise or service
>Scientists contribute to the society much more than artists do.
– … contribute to the society substantially | considerably more than artists do.
>Difference between generations is an issue that we can see everyday.
– everyday as an adjective vs. every day as an adverb
– We can observe differences between generations on a daily basis.
>Children here want to go to school.
– Local children…
>However, in my opinion, all subjects, more or less , are related to each other.
– all subjects are related to each other to some extent | to a certain degree| to greater or lesser degree
– all subjects are somewhat related to each other [FORMAL]
>There are no places in prison for more and more people are using drugs.
– Prisons are running out of space, making them unable to accommodate the ever-increasing number of drug users.
He was finding it increasingly difficult to make decisions. | To an increasing degree, people from different corners of the world come into contact with each other.
>An employee is motivated to try his best no matter what position he held, no matter how old he became.
– regardless of his rank and age
>To say about this, there are many different ideas…
– regarding | as regards | with regard to | in regard to this issue…
>I am writing in | with reference to your announcement about…
– as far as this issue is concerned…
– with respect to | concerning [MORE FORMAL]
– We had a meeting with the principal today concerning the new policy.
– when it comes to this matter… [LESS FORMAL]
- in terms of
regarding the differences between international and domestic companies in terms of revenue.
>Although there are some problems like pollution and bad influences in city
– such as | including
and so on | and so forth.
– , etc. (et cetera)
– Last but not least → avoid using this in formal writing. Use finally [MORE FORMAL].
>Many people prefer working with a machine. Because | That is because…
– A reason for this is that…
– A possible explanation for this is that…
– This is understandable | justifiable since…